Iptraf as name suggests analyses IP traffic over the network. This helps in detecting malicious traffic in and out of your system. Unlike other linux commands, it is colorful and interactive LAN monitor. The difference is visible when you first start the program.
>> Normally linux systems do not have iptraf installed. To install it on an RHEL based system, use the following command.
yum install iptraf
After its installation is complete, we would start using it using iptraf command. The initial screen will show a document to be agreed upon, after reading it, press any key.
On entering the iptraf command screen, you can see the following options which can be navigated and there are hot key options to press only one key and perform the required option.
>> To start IP traffic monitor on a particular interface, use the following command
iptraf -i eth0
The above command will start IP traffic monitoring on the eth0 interface. This is usually the first interface card attached to your system.
>> To start TCP/UDP traffic monitor on a particular interface, use the following command
iptraf -s eth0
The above command will start TCP/UDP traffic monitoring on the eth0 interface.
>> To check the speed of traffic inflow on a nic, use the following commad
iptraf -l eth0
This is useful to check how much speed you are getting on your nic. This should be same as your ISP or hosting provider (for linux servers), else you should contact them to get the full speed.
>> You can set various options for iptraf to work with. Just navigate as follows.
Iptraf > Configure
Here you set the reverse dns lookup as On to check what are the hostnames of the IP which are connecting to you.
>> There is also a concept of filters, here you can add specific IP addresses to be monitored on a port.
Iptraf > Filters > IP > Define New Filter > Add to list (A).
To see all traffic from/to 184.108.40.206 to/from network 220.127.116.11
Host name/IP Address 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124
Wildcard mask 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.0
Port 0 0
Iptraf thus besides being a visually appealing network interface is also very useful. Use it to its maximum potential.
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