The esophagus is the long, narrow tube that ends up joining the stomach, according to the human anatomy, whose main function it to move food from the back of the mouth to the belly. The esophagus known as gullet or throat measuring about 10 inches long, comprises of a layer of cells that exude mucus and two layers of muscle, which transmit solids, fluids and saliva from the oral cavity to the tummy.
Symptoms of Esophagus Disorder:
The commonest trouble associated with the gullet is gastroesophageal reflux disease, which occurs when a band of muscle at the end of the tube closes improperly. Because of that process, the belly contents leak back to the gullet by causing irritation. The worst that would happen to this scenario is heartburn and cancer. What form of treatment does one expect from this condition? Depending of the severity of the problem, some people get well by purchasing common antacid medicines such as alka-seltzer, Maalox, Mylanta, Pepto-Bismol and riopan. In complicated situations, the doctor performs surgery on the person.
Barrett’s esophagus affects about one percent1 of adults in the United States. The average age at diagnosis is 50, but determining when the problem started is usually difficult. Men develop Barrett’s esophagus twice as often as women do, and Caucasian men affected more frequently than men of other races are. Barrett’s esophagus is uncommon in children. Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the tissue lining the esophagus—the muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach—replaced by tissue that is similar to the lining of the intestine. This process is called intestinal metaplasia.
Prevention of Esophagus Disorder:
Normally prevention for esophageal disorders comprises of weight loss to control corpulence, eating and chewing food well (it is recommended that one chews food at least 26 times before swallowing), eating smaller portions of foods, avoiding to eat a few hours before retiring to bed and limiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages and caffeine. Controlling this disorder depends on what one eats. The foods that are highly recommended include eggs, yogurt, gravies, custard, puddings and, casseroles to mention just a few. Other known causes for gullet are allergies, postnasal drop and vomiting.
An esophageal perforation is a hole in the esophagus, the tube through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach. Causes -A perforation is a hole through which the contents of the esophagus can pass into the mediastinum, the surrounding area in the chest. This often results in infection of the mediastinum (mediastinitis). For esophageal perforation, the most common cause is injury that occurs during a medical procedure. However, this rarely occurs due to the fact that the instruments nowadays used are flexible. The esophagus may also become perforated as the result of: A tumor, Gastric reflux that has ulceration, previous surgery on the esophagus, wallowing caustic chemicals or a foreign object. These objects include disk batteries, battery acid or household cleaners. Injury or trauma to the esophagus and violent vomiting are also causes of this perforation.
Causes which are less common are: blunt trauma (injuries to the area around the esophagus) and injury to one’s esophagus in the course of an operation to either the esophagus or another organ near it.
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